Disparities in postoperative outcomes among diverse patient groups with inflammatory bowel disease

Authors Ashley Shustak, Luke Wolfe, Matthew Ambrosio, Stephen Sharp, Nicole Wieghard.


Background Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) represents a significant burden in the United States. We aim to evaluate disparities in postoperative outcomes among diverse patients undergoing surgery for IBD.

Methods The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) (2016-2018) was used to calculate national estimates for a number of postoperative complications in patients with IBD. Statistical analyses were performed using SAS survey procedures when calculating the national estimates.

Results A majority of the 107,375 patients (weighted) undergoing surgery for IBD were White (81.7%), rather than Black (10.1%) or Hispanic (8.2%). Black patients had higher rates of postoperative infections compared to White or Hispanic patients (4.2% vs. 3.1% vs. 2.7%, P=0.0137). There was a significant difference in morbidity and mortality, with higher rates in Black patients (20.1% vs. 17.1% vs. 17.9%, P=0.0029). Black patients experienced longer average hospital stays compared to White or Hispanic patients (12.6 vs. 9.6 vs. 11.2 days, P<0.001), despite suffering fewer comorbidities (Modified Charlson Index 1.9 vs. 2.3 vs. 2.0, P<0.001).

Conclusions This study demonstrated racial disparities in postoperative outcomes, with Black patients experiencing significantly higher rates of postoperative infections, overall morbidity and mortality, and length of stay, despite suffering from fewer comorbidities. This suggests an opportunity to improve equity of care for all patients with IBD by further examining social determinants of health that have not been traditionally studied.

Keywords Disparities, postoperative outcomes, inflammatory bowel disease

Ann Gastroenterol 2024; 37 (3): 327-332

Original Articles