High-frequency miniprobe endoscopic ultrasonography for evaluation of indeterminate esophageal strictures

Authors Surinder Singh Rana, Ravi Sharma, Rajesh Gupta.


Background Patients with esophageal stricture who have normal mucosa and whose endoscopic biopsies are inconclusive pose a difficult diagnostic dilemma. We prospectively assessed high-frequency miniprobe endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for the evaluation of indeterminate esophageal strictures.

Methods Over a period of 3 years, 19 patients (14 male; mean age: 58.9±11.6 years) with indeterminate esophageal strictures were studied using high-frequency miniprobe EUS. The final diagnosis was based on definitive cytopathology, surgical pathology or clinical follow up for more than 6 months.

Results The etiology of the esophageal stricture was benign in 10 patients (peptic 2, tubercular 2, drug-induced 2, idiopathic 1, post-pancreatitis 1, post-surgical 1, and IgG4-related sclerosing esophagitis 1), and malignant in 9 patients (squamous cell carcinoma 5, and adenocarcinoma 4). The esophageal stricture was located in the upper, mid and lower esophagus in 1, 9 and 9 patients respectively. The mean length of benign and malignant esophageal strictures was 2.4±1.1 cm and 5.3±1.6 cm, respectively (P=0.0003). EUS was performed successfully without dilatation in all patients. Wall stratification was lost in all patients with malignant strictures and in 3/10 (30%) patients with benign strictures (P=0.03). The mean esophageal wall thickness in malignant and benign strictures was 11.7±2.5 mm and 7.1±2.2 mm, respectively (P=0.0005). A wall thickness ≥9 mm had a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 78%, 80%, and 79%, respectively, for the diagnosis of malignancy.

Conclusions High-frequency miniprobe EUS provides important diagnostic information about esophageal strictures. Thicker esophageal walls and a loss of wall stratification are more common in malignant strictures.

Keywords Endosonography, stricture, malignancy, tuberculosis, corrosive

Ann Gastroenterol 2018; 31 (6): 680-684

Original Articles