Submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection of upper gastrointestinal tract tumors arising from muscularis propria
The management of incidentally discovered small upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract submucosal tumors (SMT) remains debatable. In this review, we summarize the evolving experience with submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) of upper GI SMTs originating from the muscularis propria. From 16 original studies, we reviewed a total of 703 patients with 736 lesions. Of these, 436 were located in the esophagus, 146 in the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) and 154 in the stomach. The composite complete resection rate (CRR) for STER of upper GI tumors arising from the muscularis propria layer was 99.8% (445/446). The composite CRR for STER of esophageal, EGJ and gastric SMTs arising from the muscularis propria layer was 100% (208/208),100% (78/78) and 100% (115/115), respectively. The composite en bloc resection rate (EBRR) for STER of upper GI tumors arising from the muscularis propria layer was 94.6% (679/718). The composite EBRR for STER of esophageal, EGJ and gastric SMTs arising from the muscularis propria layer was 98.6% (205/208), 96.2% (75/78) and 97.9% (95/97), respectively. Tumor recurrence rate was 0%. The reported complication rate for STER was high but the majority responded to conservative management. STER is a minimally invasive and efficacious alternative to surgery, especially for patients with small tumors (<3 cm). Careful selection of candidates remains crucial for excluding potentially malignant tumors.
Keywords Submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection, gastrointestinal tumor, muscularis propria
Ann Gastroenterol 2017; 30 (3): 262-272