Gastric adenocarcinoma: clinicopathologic differences among Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites. A single Institution's experience over 14 years
Background Gastric cancer is a leading cause of cancer death worldwide and has significant ethnic and socioeconomic differences in distribution. The aim of this study was to compare clinicopathologic characteristics and survival between Hispanics (H) and non-Hispanic whites (NHW) with gastric cancer.
Methods We reviewed the records of all patients diagnosed with gastric cancer between 1999 and 2013 at our institution. A total of 638 patients were studied. Demographics, tumor characteristics and survival rate were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier was used for survival analysis.
Results There were 101 H and 537 NHW. The median age at diagnosis was 63 years in H and 69 years in NHW. At diagnosis, 48 (48%) of H patients had stage IV disease compared with 195 (36%) of NHW (P<0.03). H were more likely to have distal cancers and poorly diff erentiated tumors compared to NHW (44% vs. 15%, P<0.0001; 70% vs. 50%, P<0.0002, respectively). There was a significant difference in median overall survival between the two groups, being 51 months for H (95% CI: 34.6-66.9) and 99 months for NHW (95% CI: 77.3-120.7) P<0.0001. In multivariate analysis, age (OR: 1.02, 95% CI: 1.02-1.03, P<0.0001), poor differentiation (OR: 1.21, 95% CI: 1.02-1.43, P<0.02), ethnicity (OR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.07-2.55, P<0.02), and stage (OR: 1.95, 95% CI: 1.77-2.15, P<0.0001) were independent predictors of survival.
Conclusions H patients were diagnosed with gastric cancer at a younger age, to present with advanced disease at diagnosis, and had shorter overall survival compared to NHW.
Keywords Gastric cancer, Hispanic, cancer, ethnicity, survival, risks factors, health disparities, early gastric cancer
Ann Gastroenterol 2016; 29 (3): 325-331