Evaluation of liver enzymes in asymptomatic chronic hepatitis B virus infected pregnant women

Authors Ioannis S. Elefsiniotis, Hero Brokalaki, Evangelos Argyropoulos, Ioanna Magaziotou, Angeliki Derdemezi, Constantinos Mihas, Konstantinos Tsoumakas.

Abstract

Background The major risk factor for perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and/or immunoprophylaxis failure is the level of maternal HBV-DNA. The aim of this study was to evaluate commonly used laboratory parameters in HBeAg-negative chronic HBVinfected pregnant women and to correlate the findings with the presence or absence of viremia.

Methods 166 consecutive chronic HBV-infected pregnant women were hematologically, serologically and virologically evaluated between the 28th and 32nd week of gestation. 101 women were finally evaluated (66 HBV-DNA positive and 35 HBV-DNA negative). Twenty-one women exhibited HBV-DNA levels above 2000 IU/mL.

Results Viremic women exhibit significantly higher ALT (25.43 IU/L vs. 15.50 IU/L, P=0.016) and GGT (17.47 IU/L vs. 10.22 IU/L, P=0.001) values as well as significantly lower white blood cell (10527 vs. 13793, P=0.008) and neutrophil count (7776 vs. 11088, P=0.001), compared to non-viremic women. The optimal cut-off points discriminating those women with a high probability to have detectable serum HBV-DNA were 7 IU/L for GGT (sensitivity = 81.6%, specificity = 69.6%, area under the ROC curve (AUC) = 75.3%) and 12 IU/L for ALT (sensitivity = 74.1%, specificity = 56.2%, AUC = 65.4%). The positive predictive value of detectable HBV-DNA in women with both serum parameters above the new limits proposed was 88.8% whereas the negative predictive value was 75%.

Conclusion Presence of HBV-DNA in maternal blood during the third trimester of pregnancy is significantly associated with maternal serum GGT levels. Women with GGT above 7 IU/L and ALT above 12 IU/L have a higher probability of HBV-DNA presence in maternal blood.

Keywords Hepatitis B, HBV-DNA, ALT, GGT, hemodilution, pregnancy

Published
2012-12-21
Section
Meta-Analysis