Mediastinal lymphadenopathy in ampullary adenocarcinoma: not always metastatic
Malignancies can metastasize through hematogenous or lymphatic routes. Enlarged lymph nodes in a known case of malignancy do not always imply metastasis. A middle-aged female patient presented to us with abdominal pain and jaundice. Investigation revealed ampullary growth due to adenocarcinoma. Positron emission tomography-computerized tomography scan revealed uptake of the tracer in the ampullary region as well as in enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology of the mediastinal lymphadenopathy revealed it to be tuberculous. Mere radiologic evidence of a distant nodal spread must not be regarded as final evidence and obtaining a tissue diagnosis should be strongly considered, as potentially curative therapy may be offered.
Keywords endoscopic ultrasound, tuberculosis, adenocarcinoma, pancreas, lymph node
Ann Gastroenterol 2012; 25 (2): 167-169